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Evolution Of The Infantry Company In Yugoslavia 1945-1993

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#341 bojan

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Posted 10 June 2020 - 2046 PM

1954. Guards Rifle Company - based on 1954. Rifle Company, but has only 2 rifle sections per platoon and lighter support platoon (no RCL section)

 

Co HQ - 6 men - 3 x SMG, 1 x SR, 1 x R, 2 x P

- Co Cmd - SMG

- Co 2inC - SMG

- Co Jr. Officer - SMG

- Medic - P

- Radioman - R

- Sniper - SR, P

 

Rifle Platoon x 3 - 34 men - 2 x MG, 2 x ATW, 2 x LMG, 15 x SMG, 14 x R (2/RG attachment), 5 x P

Plt Cmd Section - 3 men - 2 x SMG, 1 x P

- Plt Cmd - SMG

- Plt 2inC - SMG

- Medic - P

 

Rifle Section x 2 - 10 men - 1 x LMG, 4 x SMG, 5 x R, 1 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- LMG gunner - LMG, P

- Assistant - R

- Grenadier - R/RG attachment

- Riflemen x 3 - R

- SMG gunner x 3 - SMG - SMG gunner 1 is section 2inC

 

Support section - 11 men - 2 x MG, 2 x ATW, 5 x SMG, 4 x R, 2 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- AT gunner x 2 - ATW, R

- Assistant x 2 - SMG

- MG gunner x 2 - MG, P

- Assistant x 2 - R

- Ammo bearer x 2 - SMG

 

Support platoon - 31 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 3 x MG, 4 x ATW, 14 x SMG, 15 x R (1/RG attachment), 3 x P

Plt Cmd Section - 3 men - 2 x SMG, 1 x R

- Plt Cmd - SMG

- Plt 2inC - SMG

- Radioman - R

AT Section - 9 men - 4 x ATW, 5 x SMG, 4 x R

- Section leader - SMG

- AT gunner x 4 - ATW, R

- Assistant x 4 - SMG

 

MG Section - 10 men - 3 x MG, 4 x SMG, 3 x R (1/RG attachment), 3 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- MG gunner x 3 - MG, P

- Assistant x 3 - R (1/RG attachment)

- Ammo bearer x 3 - SMG

 

Mortar Section - 9 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 3 x SMG, 6 x R

- Section leader - SMG

- Gunner x 2 - 82mm mortar, R

- Loader x 2 - R

- Ammo bearer x 2 - SMG

- Ammo handler x 2 - R

 

Total - 139 ( 6 + 3 x 34 + 31 ) men - 9 x MG, 2 x 82mm mortar, 10 x ATW, 6 x LMG, 1 x SR, 62 x SMG, 58 x R (7/RG attachment), 20 x P

 

Note - company also had attached logistic section:

- Driver x 3 - R

- 1 x 3/4t vehicle

- 2 x 2.5t truck

One driver and 3/4t vehicle are attached to Co HQ for their transport, one truck is used to transport mortar section and one truck is used for company ammo reserve.


Edited by bojan, 10 June 2020 - 2112 PM.

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#342 Simon Tan

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Posted 10 June 2020 - 2136 PM

What is MG and LMG is this 1954 org?


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#343 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0714 AM

MG42 for the most part, with some units still having MG34s. Possible some units still had DPs (formally moved to reserves in 1953-54). or ZB-26/30 (moved to reserves about 1955.).

Wartime formations do not specify exact model of the most weapons, only a general type.


Edited by bojan, 11 June 2020 - 0722 AM.

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#344 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0729 AM

1954. Guards SMG Company

 

Co HQ - 6 men - 5 x SMG, 1 x P

- Co Cmd - SMG

- Co 2inC - SMG

- Co Jr. Officer - SMG

- Radioman - SMG

- Medic - P

- Runner - SMG

 

SMG Platoon x 3 - 33 men - 6 x LMG, 26 x SMG, 7 x P

Plt Cmd Section - 3 men - 2 x SMG, 1 x P

- Plt Cmd - SMG

- Plt 2inC - SMG

- Medic - P

 

SMG Section x 3 - 10 men - 2 x LMG, 8 x SMG, 2 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- LMG gunner - LMG, P

- Assistant x 2 - SMG

- SMG gunner x 5 - SMG - SMG gunner 1 is section 2inC

 

Total - 105 ( 6 + 3 x 33 ) men - 18 x LMG, 83 x SMG, 22 x P

 

 

Logistic section:

- Driver x 2 - SMG

- 1 x 3/4t vehicle

- 1 x 2.5t truck

One driver and 3/4t vehicle are attached to Co HQ and serve for it's transport. Truck is used for carrying company reserve ammo.


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#345 Simon Tan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0735 AM

DP and MG34/42 means 2 rifle calibres. 


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#346 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0744 AM

1967./1969. Guards Rifle Company - in 1969. org transport is integral to a Co, while in 1967. there is separate logistic section. Org wise it is closest to a Light Company, but it has heavier support platoon and rifle sections have 2 x LMG

Data is for 1969. org:

Co Hq - 8 men - 3 x SMG, 1 x SR, 3 x SAR, 2 x P, 1 x 1/4t light vehicle, 1 x 5t truck

- Co Cmd - SMG

- Co 2inC - SMG

- Co Jr. Officer - SMG

- Radioman - SAR

- Medic - P

- Scout-sniper - SR, P

- Driver x 2 - SAR, 1 x 1/4t LV, 1 x 5t truck

 

Rifle Platoon - 29 men - 6 x LMG, 10 x SMG, 12 x SAR, 7 x P

- Plt Cmd - SMg

- Medic - P

 

Rifle Section x 3 - 9 men - 2 x LMG, 3 x SMG, 4 x SAR, 2 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- LMG gunner x 2 - LMG, P

- Assistant x 2 - SAR

- SMG gunner x 2 - SMG - SMG gunner 1 is section 2inC

- Riflemen x 2 - SAR

 

Support Platoon - 32 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 3 x MG, 4 x ATW, 4 x SMG, 19 x SAR, 9 x P, 2 x 5t truck

- Plt Cmd - SMG

- Radioman - SAR

- Driver - SAR, 5t truck

 

AT Section - 9 men - 4 x ATW, 1 x SMG, 4 x SAR, 4 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- Gunner x 4 - ATW, P

- Assistant x 4 - SAR

 

MG Section - 10 men - 3 x MG, 1 x SMG, 6 x SAR, 3 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- Gunner x 3 - MG, P

- Assistant x 3 - SAR

- Ammo bearer x 3 - SAR

 

Mortar Section - 10 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 1 x SMG, 7 x SAR, 2 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- Gunner x 2 - 82mm mortar, P

- Crewmen x 6 - SAR

- Driver - SAR, 5t truck

 

Total (1967/1969. org) - 123/127 ( 6/8 + 3 x 29 + 30/32 ) men - 3 x MG, 2 x 82mm mortar, 4 x ATW, 18 x LMG, 1 x SR, 37 x SMG, 54/58 x SAr, 32 x P, 0/1 x 1/4t LV, 0/3 x 5t truck

 

Note - whole 1969. company can be motorized, in which case there are 3 additional drivers and 3 additional 5t trucks attached to Co Hq.

 

Total (for a motorized 1969. org) - 130 ( 11 + 3 x 29 + 32 ) men - 3 x MG, 2 x 82mm mortar, 4 x ATW, 18 x LMG, 1 x SR, 37 x SMG, 61 x SAR, 32 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV, 6 x 5t truck

 

Whole Rifle Platoon loads into one truck. In the Support Platoon Plt Cmd, Radioman, AT and MG sections load into one 5t truck. One 5t truck at Co HQ is used for ammo transport.


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#347 Simon Tan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0751 AM

SKS?


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#348 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0808 AM

DP and MG34/42 means 2 rifle calibres. 

Which is why DPs were removed to reserves. :)

General timeline of rearmament went something like this:

 

1945 - all sort of trophies, a lot of units were armed with Italian weapons, French weapons (MAS36 and MAC24/49 LMGs...), British weapons (Lee-Enfields, which Germans used to arm colaborator units and Brens that British delivered to both Chetniks and Partisans), or even older weapons like Maxim and Schwartzlose MGs.

1946-48 - removal of everything not in 7.9x57mm and 7.62x54R from the active use. A lot of Italian weapons went to Greek communists, Albania, Israel and Ethiopia. Additional quantities of ex-German weapons were acquired from Bulgaria (as reparations in 1947), Czechoslovakia (1947-48), France (1948-49), Norway (1950).

1948-54 - removal of 7.62x54R from the active service (in infantry use).

Ofc, a lot of non-standard weapons stayed in the reserves, in particular 7.62x54R weapons (since armored units used a lot of 7.62x54R and there was an ammo production going on), British Brens (since air force used .303). Brens (and Bulgarian ZB-39 reworked to .303) were in the air-force use for a long while in the Positions ald "Posadne" units (which I have posted previously). Other exotics ended in the various tertiary roles, like 8mm Breda MGs in coastal defense units.

 

SMGs were a more complicated thing, since there was a lack of those, but generally:

- "1st line" were PPSh and domestic M49, later M56

- "Substitutes" were Thompsons, Berettas, MP-40 (MP-40 stayed for a long in the mountain units and armored units due the foldable stock, until replaced by M56) and PPS (which were pretty rare and mostly used in the armored units).

- All other SMGs went to reserves pretty quickly, in about 1950-52.


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#349 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0811 AM

SKS?

 

Yes. Still used by Guards in the ceremonial role, through there was a talk of replacing those with blinged up M48s.


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#350 Simon Tan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 0837 AM

Bulgarian ZB-39? Got foto? Found it! What calibre were the ZB39s?


Edited by Simon Tan, 11 June 2020 - 0842 AM.

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#351 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 1154 AM

Originally 8x54R Mannlicher. Conversion to .303 used Bren barrels and magazines since case head diameter is practically the same. Those bastards stayed "in use" (mostly storage) among the airfield protection troops, since AF had loads of .303.

 

Major rifle/MG calibers used after 1950s:

7.9x57mm

7.62x54R - used only in the tank MGs until 1985

30-06 - in use in armored units, tank MGs and M1 Garand rifles of the mechanized infantry in the '50s. Limited service, M1919s were converted to 7.9x57mm in late '50s and Garands retired (IIRC there was only 6000 of those). Unconverted infantry 1919s stayed in storage until end of Yugoslavia and saw sporadic use in Bosnia.

7.9x33mm - in use by paratroopers, main caliber until 1967. and aquisition of AKMS and RPKS for paratroopers as an intermediate armament until final standardization.

7.62x39mm - formally in use since 1961., but real widespread use from 1967.

.303 - stayed in the airfield defense role until late 1960s, was used in the prison service until early '80s. Also used by AF.

8mm Breda - stayed in use in the coastal forces, all 8mm Breda MGs were relegated to a coastal defense role where they stayed in reserves until 1991.

7.62x51mm - adopted by both police and army special forces for G3 SG1 sniper rifles.

5.56mm - used by army and police special forces

.30 Carbine - Paras used it in the '50s.

 

Pistol/SMG calibers:

 

7.62x25mm - most common one

.32 ACP - in use by various pistols used by higher ranks. Mass introduction to army service with the acquisition of vz.61 Skorpion in 1971.

.380 ACP - mostly police use and higher ranks pistols until (almost incidental) introduction of MAC-11 SMGs in 1969. Those saw both army and police use.

9x19mm - stayed in use in pistols until late '60s, MP-40 and Beretta SMGs until mid-60. Beretta were later used by the police until mid-70s. Saw re-introduction again when MP-5s were acquired (for both police and army) in 1977.

.45 ACP - 3rd most common pistol caliber until late 1960s, and common SMG caliber. Thompsons were used by the army until 1969. (mostly by the border guards after late '50s) when those were transferred to a territorial defense inventory. Police used them until 1992-93.


Edited by bojan, 11 June 2020 - 1154 AM.

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#352 bojan

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Posted 11 June 2020 - 1437 PM

1967./1969. Guards SMG Company - 1969. has integrated transport, 1967. has separate logistic section. 1969. org given:

 

Co HQ - 8 men - 7 x SMG, 1 x P, 1 x 1/4t light vehicle, 1 x 5t truck

- Co Cmd - SMG

- Co 2inC/PO - SMG

- Co Jr. Officer - SMG

- Radioman - SMG

- Medic - P

- Runner - SMG

- Driver x 2 - SMG, 1 x 1/4t LV, 1 x 5t truck

 

SMG Platoon x 3 - 29 men - 6 x LMG, 22 x SMG, 7 x P

- Plt Cmd - SMG

- Medic - P

 

SMG Section x 3 - 9 men - 2 x LMG, 7 x SMG, 2 x P

- Section leader - SMG

- LMG gunner x 2 - LMG, P

- Assistant x 2 - SMG

- SMG gunner x 4 - SMG - SMG gunner 1 is section 2inC

 

Total - 95 ( 8 + 3 x 29 ) men - 18 x LMG, 69 x SMG, 22 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV, 1 x 5t truck

 

Note - company can be fully motorized, in which case it has 3 additional drivers and 3 additional trucks at Co HQ.

 

Total (for a fully motorized company) - 98 ( 11 + 3 x 29 ) men - 18 x LMG, 72 x SMG, 22 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV, 4 x 5t truck

Whole SMG Platoon loads single truck. One truck transports company reserve ammo.


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#353 bojan

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Posted 12 June 2020 - 0720 AM

1973. Guards Rifle Company - pretty similar to previous one, but SMGs were replaced by M70 ARs and LMGs with M72 SAWs

 

Co Hq - 8 men - 3 x AR, 1 x SR, 3 x SAR, 2 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV, 1 x 5t truck

- Co Cmd - AR

- Co 2inC/PO - AR

- Co Jr. Officer - AR

- Radioman - SAR

- Medic - P

- Scout-sniper - SR, P

- Driver x 2 - SAR, 1 x 1/4t LV/trailer, 1 x 5t truck

 

Rifle Platoon x 3 - 29 men - 6 x SAW, 10 x AR, 12 x SAR, 1 x P

- Plt Cmd - AR

- Medic - P

 

Rifle Section x 3 - 9 men - 2 x SAW, 3 x AR, 4 x SAR

- Section leader - AR

- SAW gunner x 2 - SAW

- SMG gunner x 2 - AR

- Riflemen x 4 - SAR

 

Support Platoon - 32 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 3 x MG, 4 x ATW, 4 x AR, 19 x SAR, 9 x P, 2 x 5t truck

- Plt Cmd - AR

- Radioman - SAR

- Driver - SAR, 5t truck

 

AT Section - 9 men - 4 x ATW, 1 x AR, 4 x SAR, 4 x P

- Section leader - AR

- Gunner x 4 - ATW, P

- Assistant x 4 - SAR

 

MG Section - 10 men - 3 x MG, 1 x AR, 6 x SAR, 3 x P

- Section leader - AR

- Gunner x 3 - MG, P

- Assistant x 3 - SAR

- Ammo bearer x 3 - SAR

 

Mortar Section - 10 men - 2 x 82mm mortar, 1 x AR, 7 x SAR, 2 x P

- Section leader - AR

- Gunner x 2 - 82mm mortar, P

- Crewmen x 6 - SAR

- Driver - SAR, 5t truck

 

Total - 127 ( 8 + 3 x 29 + 32 ) men - 3 x MG, 2 x 82mm mortar, 4 x ATW, 18 x SAW, 1 x SR, 37 x AR, 58 x SAR, 14 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV/trailer, 3 x 5t truck

 

Note - like 1969. org this company can also be fully motorized, with 3 additional drivers and 3 additional 5t trucks attached to Co Hq

 

Total (for a fully motorized variant) - 130 ( 11 + 3 x 29 + 32 ) men - 3 x MG, 2 x 82mm mortar, 4 x ATW, 18 x SAW, 1 x SR, 37 x AR, 61 x SAR, 14 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV/T, 6 x 5t truck.

Load plan is same as with 1969. org.


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#354 bojan

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Posted 12 June 2020 - 1258 PM

1973. Guards SMG Company

 

Co HQ - 8 men - 7 x AR, 1 x P

- Co Cmd - AR

- Co 2inC/PO - AR

- Co Jr. Officer - AR

- Radioman - AR

- Medic - P

- Runner - AR

- Driver x 2 - AR, 1 x 1/4t LV/trailer, 1 x 5t truck

 

SMG Platoon x 3 - 29 men - 6 x SAW, 22 x AR, 1 x P

- Plt Cmd - AR

- Medic - P

 

SMG Section x 3 - 9 men - 2 x SAW, 7 x AR

- Section leader - AR

- SAW gunner x 2 - SAW

- SMG gunner x 6 - AR

 

Total - 95 ( 8 + 3 x 29 ) men - 18 x SAW, 69 x AR, 4 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV/t, 1 x 5t truck

 

Total (for a fully motorized version) - 98 ( 11 + 3 x 29 ) men - 18 x SAW, 72 x AR, 4 x P, 1 x 1/4t LV/t, 4 x 5t truck


Edited by bojan, 12 June 2020 - 1259 PM.

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