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Soviet Reverse Lend-Lease

Lend-Lease WW2 USSR

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#1 alejandro_

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Posted 28 April 2015 - 1822 PM

During WW2 the Soviet Union supplied the US with certain raw materials and products. The scheme for this supply was "Reverse Lend-Lease". The Soviet Union was able to pay back by providing what the US might need. The list below shows the deliveries.

 

Item/Quantity

 

Chromium ore (tons): 300.000
Manganese ore (tons): 32.000
Platinum: *
Tin: *
Petroleum (tons): 1.070
Fruit (tons): 6
Vegetables (tons): 102
Meat (tons): 23
Eggs (doz.): 17.643
Railroad freight (ton-miles, est.): 9.538.050
Railroad passenger (passenger-miles, est.): 1.345.560
Truck freight (ton miles): 60.000
Labor ($): 280.000

 

Aggregate value (U.S. wartime est.): $ 2.200.000

* Negligible quantities

 

Source: "History of the U.S. Military Mission to Moscow," Modern Military Records Division, R.G. 165, Box 146, OPD 336TS, N.A., 356-57; Oleg Rzheshevsky, World War II; Myths and the Realities (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1984), 190.

Feeding the Bear: American Aid to the Soviet Union, 1941-1945, by Hubert P. Van Tuyll. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Inc. 1989

 

I haven't been able to find details on the negotiations and how it was agreed. The food, petroleum and freight is likely to be included because of US troops/personnel being based in the Soviet Union. Chrome ore and manganese deliveries are more interesting. In the link below it is possible to find the US production during the war. The % of manganese supplied by the USSR is not very significant when compared to the local output (~3%), but chromium is more significant. Local output reduces by a quarter in 1944 (145.600 vs 45.600 tons) and reduces to a trickle in 1945 (14.000).

 

Finally, what does the "aggregate value" include? I can't get how all those items are worth just $ 2.200.000.


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#2 swerve

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Posted 29 April 2015 - 0438 AM

The food, petroleum and freight is likely to be included because of US troops/personnel being based in the Soviet Union.

And fuelling & feeding ships & crews which delivered goods to the USSR.


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#3 DB

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Posted 30 April 2015 - 0918 AM

I imagine the ore was primarily ship's ballast, too.


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#4 ickysdad

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Posted 02 May 2015 - 1536 PM

 32,000 tons of Manganese is a drop in the bucket for the US needs and Chromium might have been 20% of US imports. In the following links compare how much Chromium the US mined before WW1 or WW2 started and after a war starts. I was surprised to find out that at least in WW1 Canada produced size able amounts of Chromium. I think the US also secured size able amounts of both these ores from Cuba,Mexico(just manganese though) and Brazil .

 

http://minerals.usgs...ds140-chrom.pdf

 

http://minerals.usgs...ds140-manga.pdf


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#5 alejandro_

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Posted 06 May 2015 - 1701 PM

Hello Ickysdad, you can find information on raw material production here. I used those values for the topic...

 

https://books.google..., p.69.&f=false


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#6 ickysdad

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Posted 06 May 2015 - 2303 PM

Hello Ickysdad, you can find information on raw material production here. I used those values for the topic...

 

https://books.google..., p.69.&f=false

  Yeah but I don't think the US ever produced 160,000 tons of Chromite. I rely on USGS since that is a primary source of info coming from the US government whereas your source is a secondary source relying on another secondary source.


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