As the thread was opened to discuss Greek organisations I thought some might be interested in some organisational details for the Greek Army in the 1980's that were posted in the Yahoo TOE group recently:
Greek Armor/Mechanized units/formations in the mid '80s:
First of all there where two "mobile" divisions, the XX Armored Division and the II Mechanized Infantry Division (note that in the Greek Army Corps are numbered with Greek letters and Divisions and independent brigades with Roman numbers). Each of these divisions had 2 maneuver brigades and some CS and CSS units (including a FA btln w 3 Btys with 155 SPH and 1 bty with 203mm SPH). Thus the XX Div had by 1985 the XXII and XXIV Armored Brigades, while the II Div the 33rd and 34th Mechanized Brigades.
There were also by then 3 independent armored brigades, XXI, XXIII and XXV all under the "D" Corps in Thrace .
Each Armored Brigade had 2 Tank Squadrons (i.e Btlns, the Greek Army uses cavalry terminology like the US Cavalry for its "Cavalry-Armor Corps"), 1 Mech Inf Btln, 1 Recon Sqdn, 1 SP FA Btln (M52 or later M109), 1 Engineer Co, 1 Sgn Co, 1 HQ Troop (again cavalry term for company), 1 Support Sqdn (each w 1 Ordnance, 1 Supply & Transportation, 1 Medical and 1 Repairs Company). The Mechanized Brigades were similar but with a mix of 1 tank sqdn, 2 mech inf btlns.
Each Corps (there were 4 in 1985) had 1 Recon Sqdn with HQ (2 MBT) 1 106 RCLR Pltn (w 6 106 RCLR on Jeep) and 3 Troops ea w HQ Pltn (1 MBT) 3 Pltns (ea 2 MBT, 1 APC, 2 Jeep, 1 SP 81 mortar). Each non-mechanized infantry division (there were 10 in 1985) had 1 Tank Sqdn with an attached Recon Troop. Recon Troops included Redeye teams. Each infantry division had 1 or more of its infantry btlns converted into mech btln (very much like the US NG Infantry Division of the same era).
In the Aegean Islands there were 2 National Guard Divisions and 4 National Guard Brigades each of the having 1 Tank Sqdn (each having 3 troops if under a division or 2 troops if under a brigade) and these NG formations also occasionally included mech inf btlns.
Each Tank Sqdn had a HQ Troop (2 MBT, Redeye teams, recon jeeps and 2 M113 for the Air Liaison Officer and artillery liaison officer) and 3 Tank troops ea w HQ Pltn (1 MBT, 1 M113 for the Forward Artillery Observer) and 3 Tank Pltn (ea 5 MBT).
As mentioned in the previous post, the mech inf btln included HQ & Staff, HQ co, 3 Rifle Companies and 1 CS co. The Combat Support Company had 1 HQ pltn, 1 MG/AA Pltn (6 7.62 MG on Jeeps, 4 Redeye systems), 1 mortar pltn (4 4.2" mortars), 1 RCLR Pltn (8 Jeep mounted 106 RCLRs, in the late 80s 4 of them gradually replaced by Jeep mounted Milan ATGMs) and an assault engineer platoon.
Each mech rifle company had 1 HQ Pltn (HQ section, administration section and NBC section), 3 Rifle Platoons (each 1 HQ squad [which included a 90mm RCLR team] and 3 rifle squads) and the CS pltn (HQ Squad, mortar squad (with 2 81mm mortars or SPM), 2 MG squads (ea 2 7.62mm MGs) and 1 RCLR Squad (3 90mm RCLRs).
Each Rf Pltn: HQ Squad (6 men, 1 90mm RCLR), 3 Rifle squads (ea 8 men w 7 assault rifles; 1 SAW; 1 M79; 1 rf gren launchers, some M72 LAW; possibly 1 sniper rifle replacing 1 of the rifles), 4 APCs/IFV (each 2-3 man crew).
some information on Greek Army platoon/squad level organization based on official Greek Army publications (FM 7-51 [Infantry Rgt -Btln], 7-53 [Infantry/Mechanized Infantry Co/Pltn/Squad], 7-57 [Infantry Platoon Exercises], all issued in 1978-1980 and still in force through the 80s) and other open sources that are only available in Greek. Also beware that, n general, sources on Greek TOEs available in other languages are not reliable.
In the late 70s and throughout 80s the Greek Army was greatly expanded in size, although its organization remained very conservative and based on US Army of the late 60s. Its equipment included both obsolete (in adequate quantity) and modern (in smaller quantity) weapons. So. for example, the tank platoon still had 5 MBTs (M-47, M-48, AMX-30 or Leo1); the Infantry Regiment was retained as the basic maneuver element of the Division, each Infantry Rgt with HQ & Staff, HQ co, 3 Inf Btlns and an attached signals co.
I also include some information on Btln/Co level organization as their combat support element might be attached to a platoon during combat. The inf btln included HQ & Staff, HQ co, 3 Rifle Companies and 1 CS co. The Combat Support Company had 1 HQ pltn, 1 MG/AA Pltn (4 .50" Browning HMGs, 4 Redeye systems), 1 mortar pltn (4 4.2" mortars), 1 RCLR Pltn (8 Jeep mounted 106 RCLRs, in the late 80s 4 of them gradually replaced by Jeep mounted Milan ATGMs) and an assault engineer platoon. In the Mechanized Infantry Btln instead of the MG/AA Ptln there was a Recon/MG Pltn with Redeye systems and 6 7.62mm MGs instead of .50" HMGs; all other platoons as in the Infantry Btln's CS co. Typical attachments to infantry pltns from the Btln CS company included 106 RCLR sections (each 1 command jeep and 2 jeeps with 106 RCLR), assault engineer sections or teams and HMG/Redeye teams/sections.
The Rifle Company had 1 HQ Pltn (HQ section, administration section and NBC section), 3 Rifle Platoons (each 1 HQ squad and 3 rifle squads) and the CS pltn (HQ Squad, mortar squad (with 2 81mm mortars), 3 MG squads (ea 2 7.62mm MGs) and 2 RCLR Squads (each 3 90mm RCLRs). In the mechanized infantry btln the rifle company had 1 HQ Pltn (HQ section, administration section and NBC section), 3 Rifle Platoons (each 1 HQ squad [which included a 90mm RCLR team] and 3 rifle squads) and the CS pltn (HQ Squad, mortar squad (with 2 81mm mortars), 2 MG squads (ea 2 7.62mm MGs) and 1 RCLR Squad (3 90mm RCLRs). So the mechanized infantry company had the same number of 90mm RCLRs (namely 6, although differently organized, but only 4 7.62mm MGs (yet it also had 6 7.62mm in the Btln level CS co, thus having the same number of 7.62mm MGs at the btln level!)
Rifle Pltn: HQ squad with Pltn Leader (subaltern officer), Pltn Sgt and Pltn Runner (who also operated the pltn radio). In the mechanized infantry a 90mm RCLR team (prob of 3 men) was added to the Pltn HQ Squad
The 3 rifle Squads included the maneuver half squad and the support half-squad. In the Infantry Btln the maneuver half-squad included the Squad Leader (sgt), the squad sniper, 1 rifleman/minesweeper and 2 riflemen. In the mechanized infantry the maneuver squad included the Squad Leader (sgt), the squad sniper, 1 rifleman/minesweeper and 1 rifleman, does to vehicle space restrictions. Supposedly the sniper had a scope-equipped rifle and the minesweeper special training in mine warfare/scouting, although these provisions of the manuals were not always implemented in reality. The support half squad had both in the infantry and mechanized infantry 4 men, namely the Assistant Squad Leader (cpl), the Squad Automatic Weapon Gunner (with the SAW), the SAW Loader and the Rifleman/Grenadier (with a M79 AND his rifle). In the mechanized infantry the squad rode on an APC (M113, M59 [being phased out during the late 70s early 80s], Saurer 4K 4F (Greek assembly, called "Leonidas 1" delivered in 1982-1983) or ELVO Leonidas 2 (from 1986); in all cases with a 2 man crew of driver and MG gunner) or on a IFV (AMX-10P with 3 man crew). Typically, MG and RCLR squads from the CS platoon were attached to combat platoons.
The rifles were either FN FAL (from 1973) or G3 (from early 80s) or the M1 Garand (being phased out in that era to reserve/national guard (on Aegean islands) units). Units of the "D" Army Corps in Thrace and all elite forces (rangers, marines and paras) retained the FN FAL ever after the introduction of the G3. The pistol used was the M1911A1 Colt .45" while NCOs used submachine guns or folded stock versions of the assault rifles. Rifle squads also had 1-2 rifle grenade launcher (probably for the 1-2 riflemen of the maneuver half-squad) and M72 LAWs would be issued in combat as needed. In general, the type of SAW or 7.62mm used depended on the rifle used in the same unit.
To sum up:
Rifle Pltn: HQ Squad (3men), 3 Rifle squad (ea 9 men w 8 assault rifles or 7 rifles (M1) and 1 SMG; 1 SAW; 1 M79; 1-2 rf gren launchers, some M72 LAW; possibly 1 sniper rifle replacing 1 of the rifles)
In Mech Infantry: HQ Squad (6 men, 1 90mm RCLR), 3 Rifle squad (ea 8 men w 7 assault rifles or 6 rifles (M1) and 1 SMG; 1 SAW; 1 M79; 1 rf gren launchers, some M72 LAW; possibly 1 sniper rifle replacing 1 of the rifles), 3-4 APCs/IFV (depending on vehicle space; each 2-3 man crew)
Attachments: 90mm RCLR teams or squads (i.e 1-3 90mm RCLRs), MG teams (2 MGs), 106 RCLR teams or squads (1-2 RCLR on Jeeps), assault engineer teams or sections, HMG/Redeye teams or sections, medical orderlies, mortar observers.
There were no Greek commando "Katadromon" units in Cyprus in 1974. the Greek Army paras made a short operation in August 1974.
The 4 bttns of raiders (Katadromon) that fought there were Greek-Cyrpiot National Guard not Greek Army units. There constituted the entire elite forces component of the Cyprus National Guard.
Their TOE (from the sources I could find): 3 assault companies (ea 3 pltn w 3 squads ea 1 Bren plus a CS pltn w 1 60mm mrt, 1 3.5" bazooka and 2 2.56" bazookas); 1 HQ and CS company w 1 MG ptln (Browning M1919A4), 1 mortar pltn (81mm mortars) and 1 RCLR Pltn (57mm RCLRs). By August the Cypriot "Katadromeis"; were reequipped with FN FALs and added .50" HMG to their CS companies
In 1974 the Greek Army had the following elite forces: a) 2 Para-Commando Btlns and a Pathfinder unit; the 32nd Marine Regiment w 3 btln, organized like a regular inf rgt; c) 3 "Mountain Raider" btlns; d) 2 "Amphibious Raider" Btln. Units under c) and d) are the "Katadromeis"; you mentioned. I have no information as to the internal organization of the "Katadromon" units at that time, but they would be similar to the Greek-Cypriot units mentioned above, but with BARs instead of Brens, of course.
Hope its of use to some.
Edited by Captain Hurricane, 22 January 2016 - 1615 PM.